The reminders to world leaders and governments to shift to green energy to help the environment are endless given that we only have a few years left to minimize the effects of climate change. There is also clamour for greater use of renewable energy to ensure energy security for all.
Arguably, environmental impact and energy security are two of the most commonly cited and discussed reasons why governments and private entities are urged to have more renewable energy in their portfolio, if not aim for 100 percent use of clean energy.
But there’s another direct benefit in paving the way for greener power: job generation. Creating more employment opportunities through renewable energy may take a backseat in advocating for renewable energy. Nevertheless, providing more work for people is another benefit of building more renewable energy plants and infrastructure. There are, after all, millions of jobs created by the renewable energy sector around the world.
Recently, the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) released its Renewable Energy and Jobs Annual Review 2019, which showed that some 11 million were employed by the sector around the world in 2018. The jobs provided last year is higher than the 10.3 million posted in 2017. The 11 million jobs provided by the renewable energy sector is almost 3.7 million more compared to 2012 when IRENA first started its yearly job report.
The rising number of employment generated by the sector is partly attributable to the world’s desire for low carbon economic growth as stressed by IRENA Director-General Francesco La Camera who said: “Beyond pursuing climate goals, many governments have prioritised renewables as a driver of low-carbon economic growth. Diversification of the supply chain has broadened the sector’s geographic footprint beyond a few leading markets, as more countries link sustainable technology choices to broader socio-economic benefits.”
The report also noted that most employment opportunities were concentrated in a few countries like China, United States, Brazil, India, and some European Union countries. Almost a third of the jobs generated last year came from the Solar PV industry. It helped that off-grid solar sales are on the rise, which in turn increases the chances of spurring economic activities in isolated areas in various countries.
The Philippines made it in the top 10 countries for wind employment. According to IRENA, the top 10 countries for wind employment provide 85 percent of wind jobs. The Philippines proudly landed the 10th spot on the list as the country has employed around 16,900 jobs in the wind energy sector. Unfortunately for our country, the number of jobs for Filipinos in the Solar PV sector declined as there were only 20,800 employed in 2018, lower than the 34,000 recorded in 2017. This is largely due, I believe, in the non-resumption of the FIT program for the Philippines.
That’s rather sad to hear since a study by Greenpeace entitled “Green is Gold: How Renewable Energy Can Save Us money and Generate Jobs” noted that the Philippines can generate as much as 4.5 to 5.5 kWh/m2/day as the country is a tropical one. This means that our solar power industry can generate plenty of employment since research by the University of California, Berkeley showed that “photovoltaic technology produces more jobs per unit of electricity than any other energy source. Most of the jobs are in construction and installation of solar facilities and can’t be outsourced to other countries.”
There will be more jobs as we harness more power from the sun. The same Greenpeace report noted that a 10 MW solar power plant can provide 1000 people during the construction phase alone as well as an additional 100 full-time employees. In the case of our solar farm in Subic, we managed to train and hire indigenous people thus making them even more productive in their own lands.
The above figures are just for solar energy. Other renewables such as wind, geothermal and hydro, to name a few could provide employment for thousands of Filipinos as well.
Luckily for us, our country is blessed with so many natural resources. We can harness these resources to save our environment, ensure energy security for all, and provide employment for Filipinos.
Unfortunately, policies and regulations have restricted the growth of the renewable energy industry. Just take our geothermal power sector as an example. We were once the second biggest geothermal power producer in the world. Sadly, we are now just ranked third as Indonesia has produced 1,800 megawatts (MW) whereas the Philippines decreased its output from 1850 MW to 1600 MW.
Yes, our country enjoys abundant natural resources. But we have to find a way to make renewable energy development a priority in the government’s agenda so that we can enjoy the many benefits of green power including more jobs for Filipinos.
IRENA Renewable Energy and Jobs Annual Review 2019
“Green is Gold: How Renewable Energy Can Save Us Money and Generate Jobs”. Greenpeace