It is no secret that the Philippines is heavily dependent on coal for its energy needs.
Data from the Department of Energy show that coal’s share in our country’s energy mix was 35.4% in 2017 up from 34.6% in 2016. On the other hand, renewable energy contracted last 2018, only contributing 31.1% of the total, down from 32.5% in 2017.
Indeed, the Philippines is declining in terms of renewable energy development.
This is why it’s heartwarming to hear President Rodrigo Duterte address this issue in the last State of the Nation Address (SONA) where he ordered to fast-track the development of renewable energy resources. His exacts words were: “We recognize the urgent need to ensure the sustainability and availability of resources and the development of alternative ones. In this regard, I trust that Secretary Cusi shall fast-track also the development of renewable energy sources, and reduce dependence on the traditional energy sources such as coal.”
Naturally, the Department of Energy (DOE) responded to such call. In a statement, Energy Secretary Alfonso Cusi said that “The DOE is encouraged by the President’s comments. Indeed, his leadership will be pivotal for the DOE to implement policies and regulations that ensure the affordability, reliability, security, and sustainability of energy in the Philippines for generations to come.”
The secretary promised to fast-track the implementation of the key renewable energy policies, namely the Renewable Portfolio Standard and the Green Energy Option. The former mandates distribution utilities to source a percentage of their power from renewable sources. The latter, on the other hand, empowers consumers to demand that their power comes from renewable sources.
The Energy secretary also said that it is looking at implementing a Green Energy Rate that will help the country to build a renewable energy portfolio of 2,000 megawatts in 10 years. There would be a ceiling rate and a green tariff rate would be auctioned among investors and developers.
Green tariffs and Green Energy Options are nothing new. Other countries already have these programs, although the Green Tariff in other countries seems to be quite different from the one being planned by the DOE.
For example, in the United States, utility green tariff is optional programs in regulated electricity markets that are offered by utilities and by the state public utility commissions. The program lets industrial customers and large commercial clients purchase bundled renewable energy power with a special utility tariff rate. It allows utilities to supply large industrial and commercial clients with up to 100 percent renewable power that’s either owned by the utility or sourced from another independent power producer. I’m not sure if this is the model the DOE and National Renewable Energy Board (NREB) are looking at.
In the United Kingdom (UK), the green tariff is also available and works quite differently. It is offered to those who want to lessen their carbon footprint with their power consumption by allowing customers to give back the same amount of power consumed back to the national grid in the form of renewable energy. Green tariff can also work by supplying the customer with either 100 percent RE or a portion of.
Clearly, Green tariffs are in place in other countries to help their RE sector prosper as well as to provide customers with cleaner option.
However, in the Philippines, rolling out new programs may not be the most urgent concern if we want our renewable energy sector to flourish. What our regulators must pay attention to are the current programs that hinder the growth of the sector. There is the Competitive Selection Process (CSP) as it places renewable energy developers at a disadvantage and the Retail Competition and Open Access (RCOA) that fails to help local renewable energy development.
Let’s take a look at the CSP mandating energy demand must first be aggregated then later bid out by a third party. This means that the power capacity becomes large before it can be auctioned off. It is then the large quantity required by the bid that places renewable energy suppliers at a disadvantage. We have to keep in mind that most RE plants have small capacities. Unfortunately, those with smaller capacities RE plants will be left out in the cold as a result of aggregating the power requirement before the auction.
So, will the planned Green Energy Tariff by the DOE no longer require undergoing the CSP? I am personally curious about the mechanics of this planned program intended to help develop renewable energy in the Philippines.
Our government should indeed work harder to make renewable energy development a priority. After all, going for sustainable and green energy helps in bringing down our power rates. Renewable power will also provide us with energy security.
As I have been saying, renewable energy, unlike traditional sources of energy are not vulnerable to foreign exchange and world price fuel prices. This means consumers are spared from the consequences of ‘floating contracts’ where Filipinos pay for higher power prices when the peso falls against the dollar or when coal or oil prices in the world market spikes.
Developing renewable power bodes well for us. Traditional sources, particularly oil and coal are finite sources. What then happens when these power sources are low in supply or worse are already unavailable?
There’s also the RCOA that’s also meant to help the sector by allowing a number of customers to source their preferred service provider. Unfortunately, only those with 750 kilowatts or higher monthly demand can be considered contestable customers, thus restricting the number of consumers that has the option of choosing their power source.
So, yes we can look at other programs to help the RE sector prosper. Unfortunately, DOE has a track record of showing its lack of appreciation on the many benefits of renewable power for the Filipino consumers.
We have to keep in mind that sometimes new programs, entities or rules can wait. They may not even be necessary. All we have to do is to simply review current regulations and practices rather than find new ones. And if we as a nation want to heed the orders of the President to develop cleaner and sustainable sources of power, then we urgently need to review our current regulations.